The ultimate goal – to release the steering wheel of a vehicle by human hands. But before you go to a completely autonomous control, it is necessary to teach machines to communicate with one another and with the infrastructure. Our colleagues from the Software-boom figured out how to prepare for the major manufacturers of wireless communication.
1. Cars learn to “talk”: due to the wireless communications network V2V (Vehicle-to-Vehicle, «car-to-car”), each machine will be able to transmit data and receive information about what is happening with vehicles and infrastructure close and route. This data may include information about its own position, speed, acceleration and direction, slowing down the intensity or the intervention of the stabilization system.
2. An important role will be played infrastructure – the so-called “Internet of things” that will make possible communication V2I (Vehicle-to-Infrastructure). For example, the group has developed a system Audi Travolution: contacting approaching traffic lights en route, she knows in advance when you need to slow the car to get to the next traffic light to green light.
3. Data management is fully transparent: the system can warn the driver of the car (as long as he continues to play an active role), but if the data will help to safe driving – for example, if traffic conditions change suddenly, or for the sake of security and protection. The methods of presenting information and will not be distracted from driving.
4. Do not underestimate the issue of personal data protection of those who will use the Internet connection intelligent cars. Ford, you for example, is developing a concept for development policy for the protection of personal information that could predict the consequences and impact on the development of regulations that keep the protection of personal data.
5. In the US, the Department of Transport and the NHTSA (National highway traffic safety administration) are preparing a legislative initiative in 2016 that will make V2V technology mandatory. According to the Minister of Transportation, Anthony Fox, “security is an absolute priority, and V2V technology is the next big step in the protection of life and health.”
6. Among the first safety device that can carry communication from car to car, is already being developed system Left turn assist (LTA), warning the driver that it is not necessary to turn left in the presence of the machine, moving in the opposite direction, and Intersection movement assist ( IMA), recognizing a vehicle near the intersection and warns the driver of potential danger. According to the NHTSA, every year, such systems could prevent up to 592,000 accidents and save up to 1083 lives. Application of V2V technology will be useful for reducing fuel consumption and optimizing transport streams.
7. Reliability and security systems to connect to the World Wide Web are the most critical aspects of the future. According to Jörg Lyuttsnera, head of Interior Electronic Solutions company Continental, a car dive into the world of the Internet will require adequate protection and powerful antivirus. So far, hackers on automotive systems require a physical connection. Many manufacturers of cars and equipment have already started to develop a firewall to protect the electronics of the future machines from unwanted intrusion.
8. Europe has its own research program on the topic, it is called Drive Car2X and includes both technology V2I, and V2V. The project engaged 47 companies, including Ford, Opel, Audi, BMW, Fiat, Honda, PSA, Renault and Volvo. According to the manufacturers, the technology Car2X, including among other things electronic pointers brake warning moving obstacles, a means of optimizing traffic flow and weather markers will appear in 2017.
9. According to the estimates of most major global automakers (GM, Ford, Toyota, Hyundai, Kia, Honda, Volkswagen, Audi, Mercedes-Benz, Nissan and Infiniti), require the full five years of production, “the online car” to feel the effect on the roads public. In any case, it will not be until no network connection of at least a quarter of the car fleet. In other words, if all goes according to plan, the road will be much safer just by 2025.
10. The fact that vehicles are able to communicate with each other over the network will be extended gradually, – fact. However, this does not prevent present and other paintings, such as the one described Intel engineer Richard Libby. According to him, in the future, learn to understand the car, the driver received an important email or a message that can excite him: in this case the machine will increase the level of care and the frequency of alerts.